The world’s nations spent a huge amount of money on their armed forces to protect their citizens and borders from unexpected attacks and casualties. But a nation’s safety is also dependent on sophisticated spy intelligence agency networks to counter internal and external threats for the country.
From undercover agents to spies and tech hackers, a nation’s intelligence agency is powered by all of them. Here we have compiled a list of some of the world’s most powerful intelligence agencies:
1. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), USA –
Headquarters: Langley, Virginia
Founded: September 18, 1947
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States and its the first line of defense for the United States.
2. RAW (Research and Analysis Wing), India –
Headquarters: New Delhi
Founded: September 21, 1968
The agency’s primary function is gathering foreign intelligence, counter-terrorism, advising Indian policymakers, and advancing India’s foreign strategic interests. The agency came into being after the Sino-Indian war of 1962 and the India-Pakistan war of 1965.
3. Mossad, Israel –
Headquarters: Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel
Founded: December 13, 1949
Mossad, meaning Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations, is the national intelligence agency of Israel. Mossad, like the CIA, has active agents spread across the world and are involved in intelligence gathering, covert operations and ‘protecting Jews and Jewish interests’.
4. ISI (Inter-Services Intelligence), Pakistan –
Founded: January 1, 1948
Officially, the ISI is responsible for providing security intelligence assessments to the government of Pakistan. ISI is Pakistan’s most important intel agency.
5. MI6 (Secret Intelligence Service), UK –
Founded: July 4, 1909
The Secret Intelligence Service, often known as MI6, collects Britain’s foreign intelligence. It provides the government with a global covert capability to promote and defend the national security and economic well-being of the country.
6. GRU (Main Intelligence Agency), Russia –
Founded May 7, 1992
“GRU” is the English version of the Russian intelligence agency, which means Main Intelligence Directorate. The GRU is Russia’s largest foreign intelligence agency.
7. MSS (Ministry of State Security), China –
Founded: July 1, 1983
China’s MSS is the civilian intelligence, security and secret police agency, which is responsible for counter-intelligence, foreign intelligence and political security.
8. NIA (National Investigation Agency), India –
Headquarters: New Delhi
The NIA can investigate terror cases across the country without having to get permission from the states. The agency investigates terror offences, waging war against the country, offences on nuclear facilities, etc. National Investigation Agency came into force after Parliament passed the National Investigation Agency Act 2008.
9. NSA (National Security Agency), USA –
Headquarters: Maryland, United States
Founded: November 4, 1952
NSA (National Security Agency) is a United States intelligence agency within the Department of Defense that is responsible for cryptographic and communications intelligence and security.