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Who are Ethan Crumbley’s parents?


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ALLEGED shooter Ethan Crumbley’s parents were charged with involuntary manslaughter on December 3 and police are trying to find the couple after they disappeared.

The couple disappeared after the charges were brought against them and police are currently on the hunt for Ethan Crumbley’s parents.

Who is Jennifer Crumbley?

The shooting at Oxford High School on Monday left four students dead and six injured after 15-year-old Ethan Crumbley allegedly opened fire on his classmates.

Text messages have surfaced revealing Ethan Crumbleyxe2x80x99s mother, Jennifer Crumbley, texted her son on the day of the shooting.

Jennifer had previously advocated for gun use prior to the school shooting at Oxford High School.

In November 2016, she wrote a detailed letter to Donald Trump on her blog, which was deleted on December 3, where she appeared to praise the former president and his views.

xe2x80x9cAs a female and a realtor, thank you for allowing my right to bear arms,” she wrote. “Allowing me to be protected if I show a home to someone with bad intentions. Thank you for respecting that Amendment.xe2x80x9d

On the day before the shooting, a teacher claimed they saw Ethan looking at ammunition on his phone, and when the teacher called Jennifer, there was no response.

However, McDonald said text messages show Jennifer texted her son and told him, “lol, I’m not mad at you, you have to learn not to get caught.”

The following morning, Jennifer was called to the school after his teacher said he was drawing a semi-automatic handgun that pointed at the words, “The thoughts won’t stop, help me.”

There was also a section in the note that showed a bullet with the words, “Blood everywhere” above it.

When Ethan and his parents were called into the office after the teacher flagged the note, they refused to put their son in counseling and insisted he stay in school.

That was mere hours before the shooting.

Who is James Crumbley?

Ethan Crumbleyxe2x80x99s father, James Crumbley, purchased the gun used in the Oxford High School shooting, according to the Oakland County sheriff.

He bought the 9mm semi-automatic handgun on Black Friday, which his son allegedly used to kill four students and injure five more and a teacher.

Police confirmed James Crumbley purchased three fifteen-round magazines for the pistol, but two had so far been recovered.

It isnxe2x80x99t clear where James Crumbley purchased the semi-automatic weapon, but the owner of Action Impact Gun Range, Bill Kucyk, said the gun isnxe2x80x99t manufactured or made widely available anymore.

Will James and Jennifer Crumbley face charges? xc2xa0

James and Jennifer Crumbley were charged with four counts of involuntary manslaughter on Friday before they disappeared from public view.

Their attorney said they were laying low and would be present for their arraignment, but authorities are continuing to search for them.

“The Crumbleys left town on the night of the tragic shooting for their own safety. They are returning to the area to be arraigned. They are not fleeing from law enforcement,” their attorney said.

Law enforcement was tracking the Crumbley’s whereabouts via cellphone towers, but are no longer able to do so as their phones are turned off.

A law enforcement official toldxc2xa0CNNxc2xa0that James and Jennifer withdrew $4,000 from an ATM on Friday.

They reportedly used an ATM in Rochester Hills, about 15 miles away from Oxford.

Sheriff Michael Bouchard told CNN, “If they think they’re going to get away, they’re not.”

Oakland County prosecutor, Karen McDonald, has said she isnxe2x80x99t ruling out pressing charges against Ethan Crumbleyxe2x80x99s parents.

McDonald told Fox2 News on December 2 that both James and Jennifer Crumbley had been xe2x80x9cdifficult,xe2x80x9d adding Ethan should not have had access to his fatherxe2x80x99s gun.

It has now been reported that James Crumbley bought the gun for Ethan on Black Friday as a Christmas present, which goes against Michigan state gun laws.

McDonald stated, xe2x80x9cWe know owning a gun means securing it properly locked up and keeping ammunition separate and not allowing access to other individuals especially minors.xe2x80x9d

Adding people should be held accountable when a child gets a hold of their handgun she concluded, xe2x80x9cWe will be making a decision swiftly.xe2x80x9d

Ethan Crumbley is beingxc2xa0charged as an adultxc2xa0with four counts of first-degree murder, one count of terrorism, among others for the shooting that killedxc2xa0Hana St. Juliana, 14, Madisyn Baldwin, 17, Tate Myre, 16, and Justin Shilling, 17.

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Police apprehend parents of suspect in Michigan high school shooting. M.N.: First of all, we have to invesigate this episode of school shooting very carefully, and not demonize anyone before we know all the facts and understand fully what happened. It is in the interests of Crumbley family to cooperate with the investigation. This case may shed some light on the previous cases, and prevent the future ones. The shooter is alive and can give some clues.

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M.N.: First of all, we have to invesigate this episode of school shooting very carefully, and not demonize anyone before we know all the facts and understand fully what happened. 

It is in the interests of Crumbley family to cooperate with the investigation. 

This case may shed some light on the previous cases, and prevent the future ones. The shooter is alive and can give some clues. 

Ethan, James and Jennifer Crumbley – GS 

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Methane Gas Explosion Blamed for West Virginia Coal Mining Accident


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The West Virginia coal mining accident yesterday killed at least 25, and hope is starting to fade for finding the four missing miners alive. It’s the deadliest mining accident in the United States in more than a quarter-century. A methane explosion appears to be the cause. Normally when DISCOVER covers methane scares, it has to do with the potent greenhouse gas leaking from permafrost or the ocean. But for coal miners, methane represents a more clear and present danger: Underground mines can fill up with the flammable gas, and a stray spark can light it and cause an explosion. As a result, mines are required to have giant fans that blow methane out of the working area. Methane not only appears to have caused the accident, it also held up the rescue effort.

Operations had to be suspended because of a build-up of methane in the mine. It’s hoped that they can resume later today — but it will require drilling about 1,000 feet, through two coal seams, to get to where the men might have been able to find shelter [NPR]

. Methane is ubiquitous in coal mines.

The gas, like coal, is a molecule made of hydrogen and carbon, and it is produced from the same raw material as coal, ancient piles of biological material, by the same processes. Much of the natural gas sold in the United States is drawn from coal seams. In undisturbed coal deposits, the methane is kept loosely attached to the coal molecules by compression; when the area is opened up by miners, the pressure is reduced and the methane bubbles out [The New York Times].

Coal mining is an unavoidably dangerous occupation, but it seems Massey Energy, owner of the mine, was far behind where it should have been in safety compliance.

The U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration cited the mine for 1,342 safety violations from 2005 through Monday for a total of $1.89 million in proposed fines, according to federal records. The company has contested 422 of those violations [Washington Post]

. The citations at West Virginia’s Upper Big Branch mine included some for the improper ventilation of methane. Just why Upper Big Branch suffered such a catastrophe at this particular time remains unknown. After the incident, geologists noticed that there had been two recent episodes of small seismic activities in the areaxe2x80x94a 3.4 magnitude earthquake on Sunday and some surface blasting on Saturday that initially registered as a 2.9 quake. USGS geophysicist Julie Dutton says that the 3.4 quake could have been strong enough to dislodge methane pockets and contribute to the accidentxe2x80x94but only if it were closer than its distance of 100 miles.

“There’s the definite possibility that that’s what could have happened, but not from this earthquake,” Dutton said. “This one was too far away and days separated. That makes a big difference” [FoxNews.com]

. And from the other side of the world, some slightly better news. Yesterday rescuers saved 115 people trapped underground for eight days at the Wangjialing mine in China.

The rescue was rare good news for China’s mining industry, the deadliest in the world, where accidents killed 2,631 coal miners last year. That’s down from 6,995 deaths in 2002, the most dangerous year on record [AP]

. However, 32 remain stuck underground, and gas buildups are hindering the operations there, too. Related Content: 80beats: Isn’t It Ironic: Green Tech Relies on Dirty Mining in China 80beats: New EPA Rules Clamp Down on Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining 80beats: After Massive Tennessee Ash Spill, Authorities Try to Assess the Damage 80beats: Obama & Chu Push Ahead with Clean Coal Projects Despite the Cost

Image: flickr / NIOSH

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Putin faces pressure over Belarus border crisis and Ukraine troop buildup


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The United States and its allies are stepping up pressure on Russian President Vladimir Putin over two crises on the fringes of Europe that they blame the Kremlin for inflaming.

In the freezing forests and swamplands of the Poland-Belarus border, unrest flared Tuesday after Polish police fired tear gas and water cannons at some of the thousands of migrants stranded there.

Meanwhile, Russia is massing troops on its border with Ukraine, prompting fears of a repeat of 2014 when Moscow invaded the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea.

Washington and the Europeans accuse the Kremlin of complicity in both issues.

They say Belarus, Putinxe2x80x99s only ally in Europe, is deliberately pushing Middle East migrants toward the border with Poland on the false promise of easy access into the European Union. Belarus has made little effort to stop the migrants, fomenting a tense standoff with Polish police that escalated Tuesday.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in a tweet Sunday that the manufactured migrant crisis was a deliberate attempt xe2x80x9cto threaten security, sow division, and distract from Russiaxe2x80x99s activities on the border with Ukraine.xe2x80x9d

French President Emmanuel Macron spoke with Putin by phone Monday. Afterward one of his advisers said that NATO would be prepared to defend the sovereignty of Ukraine if necessary, Reuters reported. Ukraine has campaigned for NATO membership but has been unsuccessful so far.

These allegations have been repeatedly denied by Putin. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said it was xe2x80x9cwrongxe2x80x9d that the Belarus crisis was meant to distract from Russian troop movements. Putin has instead pointed to what he says are escalatory U.S. military maneuvers in the Black Sea.

Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko xe2x80x94 an uneasy ally of Putinxe2x80x99s, and often called the last dictator in Europe xe2x80x94 has also held a flurry of calls with Western leaders. On Monday, he spoke with German Chancellor Angela Merkel about xe2x80x9cways and prospects of resolvingxe2x80x9d the migrant crisis, and possible humanitarian aid.

xe2x80x9cThese problems are not going away. The West and Ukraine have to remain vigilant because this is a war of attrition.xe2x80x9d

It was Lukashenkoxe2x80x99s first known contact with a Western leader since his disputed election victory last year sparked mass protests and a brutal crackdown by his security services. Dissident activists accuse Russia of aiding the crackdown, which made Belarus even more of a pariah among democracies and deepened its complicated relationship with Moscow.

Some experts say Russia is wary of becoming embroiled in another costly foreign escapade like the ongoing war in Ukraine. Still, Russia last week sent two nuclear-capable bombers over Belarus, as well as paratroopers for joint exercises with Belarusian troops near the Polish border.

It’s not clear whether Russia is directly involved in the Belarusian border crisis, according to Orysia Lutsevych, head of the Ukraine Forum at the London think tank Chatham House. But it follows “a pattern of escalation by Russia on its western borders,” she said.

“I wouldn’t be surprised if Russian intelligence is involved in this kind of hybrid operation,” Lutsevych added.

In response to what it says is a confected crisis, the E.U. plans to expand sanctions against xe2x80x9ceveryone who participates in smuggling migrants to this country,xe2x80x9d including Belarusian airlines and travel agents, the E.U.xe2x80x99s foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said Monday. The E.U. has already hit Belarus with four rounds of sanctions over the post-election crackdown.

Meanwhile, on Russiaxe2x80x99s border with Ukraine to the south, Moscow has mobilized some 100,000 troops, according to Ukrainian government estimates. This is not the first buildup this year, with similar numbers sending alarm through Western capitals in the spring.

Russia and Ukraine have been locked in conflict since 2014, when Russia annexed Crimea and began supporting separatists in the countryxe2x80x99s east. That war has rumbled on ever since, costing some 14,000 lives despite a series of shaky ceasefires.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg told a news conference Monday that the xe2x80x9csignificant, large Russian military buildupxe2x80x9d was xe2x80x9cunusualxe2x80x9d and noted that xe2x80x9cRussia has been willing to use these types of military capabilities before to conduct aggressive actions against Ukraine.xe2x80x9d

Some experts believe Putin is attempting to use these threats to gain extra leverage in the stalled Ukraine peace talks xe2x80x94 and to warn the West that backing Ukraine comes with a cost.

Part of the problem is that the U.S. and Europe have not been strong enough in condemning Russian aggression in Ukraine, and Belarusian repression of opposition activists, Lutsevych at Chatham House said.

xe2x80x9cPutin believes that the West is not serious about the region: He believes itxe2x80x99s just lip service being paid to Ukraine and the Belarusian opposition,xe2x80x9d Lutsevych said. xe2x80x9cThese problems are not going away. The West and Ukraine have to remain vigilant because this is a war of attrition.xe2x80x9d

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Alexander Smith is a senior reporter forxc2xa0NBC News Digital based in London.

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Джо Байден анонсировал «долгий разговор» с Путиным об Украине


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The News And Times Blog

The Endemic Hypothesis of Sars-Cov-2: It did not emerge anew but was always present in nature in various locations. The specific antigen lab test for it made possible this virus and its variants association with clinical illness, previously described as “of unknown origin”. The questions about the deliberate modifications and the weaponized use of this and possibly other involved viruses or agents remain open.

The Endemic Hypothesis of Sars-Cov-2: It did not emerge anew but was always present in nature in various locations. The specific antigen lab test for it made possible this virus and its variants association with clinical illness, previously described as “of unknown origin”. 

The questions about the deliberate modifications and the weaponized use of this and possibly other involved viruses or agents remain open. 

The new modern conditions that facilitate the spread of Sars-Cov-2, such as the industrial mink farms, meat and fish processing plants, etc. have to further identified and controlled. 

M.N. | 11:27 AM 12/3/2021

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Jake Sullivan, Biden’s Adviser, Long a Figure of Fascination


Michael_Novakhov
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WASHINGTON xe2x80x94 Jake Sullivan, President Bidenxe2x80x99s national security adviser, married Margaret Goodlander, now counsel to Attorney General Merrick B. Garland, in a 2015 wedding that seems set in a distant Democratic utopia. Mr. Biden would soon retire as a popular vice president, Donald J. Trump was considered a sideshow, and Hillary Clinton was the president in waiting.

Guests at the Yale campus that weekend included a former president (Bill Clinton), a former secretary of state (Mrs. Clinton), a future secretary of state (Antony J. Blinken) and a Supreme Court justice (Stephen G. Breyer). The many former bosses on hand had pegged the golden-boy groom as an ideal national security adviser in the coming Clinton White House xe2x80x94 which, at 40, would have made him the youngest person to hold the job.

That prediction proved largely true, if erroneous in its electoral assumption about 2016 and premature by an interlude long enough for the White House to turn over twice, China to strengthen, a pandemic to rage and the difficulties of the job to grow considerably.

So it was on Aug. 26 that Mr. Sullivan, presiding over a briefing on Afghanistan in the White House Situation Room, saw Gen. Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr., the head of the militaryxe2x80x99s Central Command, turn ashen after being handed a sheet of paper.

The general xe2x80x94 connected via video from Kabul, where the evacuation of civilians was underway xe2x80x94 told the room that four American service members at the airport had been killed in an apparent bombing, three were near death, and dozens more were injured. There were gasps around the table as Mr. Biden winced and stared straight ahead for a few long seconds.

xe2x80x9cThe worst that can happen has happened,xe2x80x9d the president finally said, according to participants in the meeting.

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It fell to Mr. Sullivan, who ran this daily confab and was seated at the presidentxe2x80x99s immediate left, to power through his hourlong agenda. The death toll eventually rose to 13 U.S. service members.

Washington has long been captivated by fallen star narratives. This has made Mr. Sullivan a figure of fascination in recent months, something between sympathy and schadenfreude. His daily mission of managing a sprawling national security apparatus through simultaneous crises and headaches xe2x80x94 growing tensions with China, healing a rift with France over a nuclear submarine deal, cyberattacks xe2x80x94 has made Mr. Sullivan the face of a foreign policy team that has endured criticism from many directions, most pointedly over Afghanistan.

xe2x80x9cA stunning disaster from beginning to end,xe2x80x9d Senator Mitt Romney, Republican of Utah, called the withdrawal in an interview, extending his critique to include the Biden administrationxe2x80x99s foreign policy record in general. xe2x80x9cAnd if I were the president right now, I would think seriously about changing quite a few people around me.xe2x80x9d

Mr. Romney did not single out Mr. Sullivan, though many have, including Brett Bruen, the director of global engagement in the Obama White House, who wrote an opinion article in USA Today calling for him to be fired.

Supporters of Mr. Sullivan see two structural complications to his role. For starters, he is in a position of enormous responsibility but circumscribed authority. Condoleezza Rice, a national security adviser and secretary of state under President George W. Bush, described the job in her memoir as xe2x80x9crarefied staff.xe2x80x9d Mr. Sullivan is also a product of Washingtonxe2x80x99s insular foreign policy establishment, a cohort whose traditional support for muscular U.S. foreign policy interventions has fallen out of favor across the political spectrum in the aftermath of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

xe2x80x9cBidenxe2x80x99s cabinet picks went to Ivy League schools, have strong resumes, attend all the right conferences & will be polite & orderly caretakers of Americaxe2x80x99s decline,xe2x80x9d Senator Marco Rubio, Republican of Florida, tweeted after Mr. Biden named his team last November.

The question is whether Mr. Sullivan, 45, lauded as a xe2x80x9conce-in-a-generation intellectxe2x80x9d by Mr. Biden and xe2x80x9ca potential future presidentxe2x80x9d by Mrs. Clinton, can recover from a messy year of foreign policy predicaments.

Mr. Sullivan has told colleagues that he is determined not to have his tenure defined by the bloodshed in Afghanistan. The crisis has receded somewhat since August, allowing him to focus on trade policy, energy prices and an international supply chain that has helped fuel the spike in inflation.

Sign Up for On Politicsxc2xa0xc2xa0A guide to the political news cycle, cutting through the spin and delivering clarity from the chaos.

Mr. Bidenxe2x80x99s recent trip to Europe, which Mr. Sullivan was heavily involved in planning, allowed the White House to bank some solid accomplishments, including a global deal to set minimum corporate tax rates and a climate agreement to reduce methane emissions. White House officials were relieved after the international uproar over the withdrawal from Afghanistan.

Mr. Sullivan operated on an average of two hours of sleep a night for the duration of the three-week crisis in Afghanistan in August. He would mull over each long day during late-night walks home from the White House xe2x80x94 his Secret Service detail trailed him xe2x80x94 and often continue his meditations at home on a rowing machine. He declined to be interviewed for this article.

xe2x80x9cThere was no point that I sent an email to Jake at 2 or 3 in the morning during those weeks where he didnxe2x80x99t respond immediately,xe2x80x9d said Samantha Power, the administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development.

She pointed out that Mr. Sullivan did not have the luxury of focusing on one powder keg at a time. xe2x80x9cWhile to the rest of the world there was one searing crisis unfolding in Afghanistan,xe2x80x9d Ms. Power said, xe2x80x9cJake was at the same time responsible for spearheading U.S. policy on everything from cyberattacks and an earthquake in Haiti to terrorist threats.xe2x80x9d

The most common defense of Mr. Sullivan over Afghanistan was that Mr. Biden was determined to get out, and fast, and it is the national security adviserxe2x80x99s role to carry out the presidentxe2x80x99s wishes. By most accounts, Mr. Sullivan supported the pullout and, according to multiple officials, asked many questions about its haste, particularly the abrupt closing in July of the Bagram Air Base.

The unruly and tragic withdrawal prompted much rebuke, not least from allies who complained that they had not been consulted. Mr. Sullivan has pushed back hard on this, insisting that allies were kept informed at every step and suggesting that they were upset with Mr. Bidenxe2x80x99s conclusion. xe2x80x9cI think the real issue is that many allies disagreed with the result of the decision,xe2x80x9d Mr. Sullivan told reporters in Brussels in June.

Ultimately, though, the situation in Afghanistan reflected the reality of a job that often involves more damage control than decision-making. xe2x80x9cThe national security adviser is a classic high-responsibility position with limited actual power,xe2x80x9d said John Gans, a foreign policy historian and the author of xe2x80x9cWhite House Warriors,xe2x80x9d about the history of the National Security Council.

Brent Scowcroft, who was a national security adviser to Presidents Gerald R. Ford and George H.W. Bush, would marvel at the variety of issues that fell under the national security umbrella. Mr. Scowcroft, who died last year, held the job decades before national security advisers had to worry much about things like climate change, ransomware attacks or Twitter.

xe2x80x9cIxe2x80x99ve told this to Henry Kissinger,xe2x80x9d Mrs. Clinton said in an interview. xe2x80x9cIn a world of social media and billions of cellphones, he could never have snuck off to China.xe2x80x9d

Colleagues characterize Mr. Sullivan as ambitious and intense, but not in the obnoxious manner of a Washington type. xe2x80x9cThe highest compliment that I can pay a person is that theyxe2x80x99re a good human being,xe2x80x9d Defense Secretary Lloyd J. Austin III said in an interview. xe2x80x9cI believe that Jake is a good human being.xe2x80x9d

A lean former marathon runner, Mr. Sullivan wears sagging gray suits that (he insists) once fit him. Friends describe him as polite, curious and Midwestern in temperament, with strong allegiance to his native Minnesota.

xe2x80x9cReject cynicism,xe2x80x9d he said in a commencement address at the University of Minnesota School of Public Affairs in 2013. xe2x80x9cReject certitude. And donxe2x80x99t be a jerk. Be a good guy.xe2x80x9d

Mr. Sullivan has been known to dabble in eclectic hobbies, such as competitive speed walking. He once played on a curling team in St. Paul.

He grew up in a middle-class neighborhood of Minneapolis, one of five high-achieving siblings. His mother was a teacher and a librarian, and his father worked on the business side of The Minneapolis Star-Tribune. Mr. Sullivan attended Yale, Oxford (on a Rhodes scholarship) and Yale Law School, and was a clerk for Justice Breyer. He became one of Mrs. Clintonxe2x80x99s closest advisers when she was secretary of state, stayed on in the Obama administration as national security adviser to Mr. Biden when he was the vice president, and rejoined Mrs. Clinton as the senior policy adviser on her 2016 campaign for president.

Mr. Sullivan told colleagues that he felt a burden of the responsibility for Mrs. Clintonxe2x80x99s loss to Mr. Trump, but he was not surprised by the result. He had grown alarmed that the mood in the country was dark and anxious, and that voters seemed more receptive to Mr. Trumpxe2x80x99s xe2x80x9cAmerica Firstxe2x80x9d message than the Clinton campaign had appreciated.

xe2x80x9cHow do we solve for this basic and growing division in our society that gets to issues like dignity and alienation and identity?xe2x80x9d Mr. Sullivan asked in a talk to Yale Law School students in 2017, as reported by The Washington Post. xe2x80x9cHow do we even ask the question without becoming the disconnected, condescending elite that we are talking about?xe2x80x9d

In a strange turn of events, some critics of Mr. Bidenxe2x80x99s foreign policy say it includes certain hallmarks of the Trump administration. Richard N. Haass, the president of the Council on Foreign Relations, wrote in Foreign Affairs that the Afghanistan withdrawal was xe2x80x9cAmerica-first unilateralism in practicexe2x80x9d and that Mr. Biden xe2x80x9cdid so in a Trumpian way, consulting minimally with others and leaving NATO allies to scramble.xe2x80x9d

White House officials bristle at comparisons to the Trump administration. They say that while previous presidents have gotten the United States into long and disastrous conflicts (Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan), Mr. Biden pulled the country out of one, no matter how turbulent the process. It is an assertive foreign policy, they acknowledge, but they say it comes with a softer touch and humbler words.

When allies raised concerns, the administrationxe2x80x99s answer was not xe2x80x9cgo jump in a lake,xe2x80x9d Mr. Sullivan told reporters in Brussels last month. He made clear that he was drawing a contrast with xe2x80x9chow other previous American administrations might have responded.xe2x80x9d

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Ukraine: Blinken and Russia’s Lavrov meet amid tensions over Ukraine


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Blinken said he and Lavrov would report the details of their meeting back to President Joe Biden and President Vladimir Putin and that the two presidents “may have the opportunity to speak directly in the near future.”

Until then, he said it’s Russia’s responsibility to defuse the growing tension about its military movements and disinformation targeting Ukraine.

“It’s now on Russia to deescalate the current tensions by reversing the recent troop buildup, returning forces to normal peacetime positions, and refraining from further intimidation and attempts to destabilize Ukraine,” Blinken said at a press conference at the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe summit.

US officials tell CNN that plans for a conversation between Biden and Putin haven’t been finalized, but that work has been underway to set up a call as Russian troops amass at the Ukraine border.

Biden told reporters last week he would “in all probability” speak to Putin soon about the situation in Ukraine. He has said direct communication with Putin is the best way to avoid conflict between the two countries.

‘Deep concerns’

The last publicly announced phone call between Biden and Putin came in July, about a month after their in-person summit in Geneva.

Blinken and Lavrov met on the sidelines of the OSCE summit. Their 30-minute conversation did not yield a concrete path forward, but both sides agreed to continue diplomatic conversations, a senior US State Department official told reporters traveling with the top US diplomat.

Blinken also held a bilateral meeting earlier Thursday with the Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba, at which the top US diplomat reiterated Washington’s “unwavering commitment to Ukraine’s territorial integrity, sovereignty and its independence.”

In remarks to the press after meeting with Lavrov, Blinken said he had “made very clear our deep concerns and our resolve to hold

Russia

responsible for his actions, including to work with European allies to impose severe costs and consequences on Russia, if it takes further aggressive action against Ukraine.”

The meeting comes a day after Blinken issued

the most forceful US warning yet

to Russia about any attempt to destabilize or invade Ukraine. Blinken had warned that there will be “severe consequences” for any Russian military action in Ukraine and that the US would “respond resolutely, including with a range of high impact economic measures that we’ve refrained from using in the past.”

Blinken did not lay out the “serious consequences” he has threatened if Russia invades Ukraine, according to the senior US State Department official.

The official, who described Blinken’s meeting with Lavrov as sober and professional, said the meeting resulted in an agreement to continue diplomatic conversations and that the US was able to make clear their concerns about the Russian military buildup.

According to the State Department, Blinken “addressed Russia’s aggression towards Ukraine, including its military movements near Ukraine’s borders” and “reiterated the United States’ call for Russia to pull back its forces and return to a peacetime posture” and to adhere to the 2015 Minsk agreements — an effort to end the conflict in eastern Ukraine — and a ceasefire in the Donbas region.

The Minsk Protocol was written by Ukraine, Russia and the OSCE with France and Germany mediating. On Thursday, Blinken said he told Lavrov that the US was ready to get involved and had already offered to do so with Ukraine’s top diplomat.

“And as with Foreign Minister Kuleba, I also made clear The United States is prepared to work with both parties to support a diplomatic resolution through implementation of Minsk agreements in any way that we can,” he said.

Combat troops

Pentagon spokesman Ned Price said in his readout that Blinken “underscored that the best path forward is diplomacy in conjunction with the full implementation of the Minsk agreements, a process the United States is willing and ready to support.”

The US and NATO say Russia is increasing the number of combat troops near its border with Ukraine, while the Kremlin has repeatedly denied that Russia plans to invade Ukraine and sees NATO support for the country as a threat on Russia’s western border.

In his own remarks to the press after meeting with Blinken, Lavrov stressed that although Russia does “not want any conflicts” with NATO over Ukraine, it maintains the “right to choose ways to ensure its legitimate security interests.”

“And let’s not forget, of course, the proclaimed principle of indivisibility and security, including in the OSCE, in the NATO Council of Russia, which says that no one has the right to strengthen their security at the expense of the security of others,” he said, also adding that “the further advance of NATO to the East will definitely affect the fundamental interests” of Russia’s security.

NATO chief: Russia will pay high price if they invade Ukraine
NATO chief: Russia will pay high price if they invade Ukraine

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02:03

The United States, meanwhile, warned again that there would be “serious consequences” if Russia engages to “pursue confrontation” with Ukraine.

On Thursday, Blinken told summit attendees that the US holds “deep concerns about Russia’s plans for renewed aggression against Ukraine.”

This aggression would “move us in exactly the opposite direction,” Blinken said, stressing “it’s simply not in anyone’s interest.”

He added that “the best way to avert the crisis is through diplomacy,” calling on Russia to abide by the Minsk peace agreements. The interpretation of Minsk and other core OSCE documents emerged as a sticking point between the two countries, with Lavrov saying it “is clear” that the US and Russia interpret them in “different ways.”

Blinken criticized Russia’s adherence to the Helsinki Final Act, a multilateral agreement dating back to 1975. That non-binding diplomatic accord recognized the inviolability of national borders created after World War II and the importance of noninterference in a nation’s internal affairs, but Russia also saw it as implicitly recognizing its hegemony in Eastern Europe. Blinken said Russia “continues to violate the Helsinki principles and repeatedly obstructs the work of this organization.”

Despite the accusations, the two officials recognized the importance of dialogue, with Lavrov acknowledging “the importance of our two states for global stability and for security, including in the Euro-Atlantic area.”

Price said Blinken raised the cases of two Americans detained in Russia — Paul Whelan and Trevor Reed — “and underscored the priority we attach to their prompt release.”

“The Secretary and the Foreign Minister noted the importance of continued coordination on issues in the bilateral relationship and where interests are aligned, including when it comes to blocking Iran’s pathways to a nuclear weapon,” he said.

The OSCE summit comes on the heels of a meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Latvia that was dominated by concerns over recent events in Belarus and Russia’s intentions in Ukraine.

Speaking Wednesday after the meeting in Latvia, Blinken said the US and its NATO partners were prepared to impose costs for further Russian aggression against Ukraine and were preparing for “all contingencies” as Russia continues to make troubling moves.

While Blinken hasn’t detail what those penalties will be, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said in a Wednesday interview with CNN’s Jim Sciutto that the alliance has “a wide range of options: economic sanctions, financial sanctions, political restrictions.”

Putin called Wednesday for specific agreements that would rule out any further NATO expansion eastwards and deployment of its weaponry close to Russia’s borders.

On Tuesday, the Russian President said NATO military expansion close to Russian borders and any deployment of missile systems in Ukraine would be crossing a “red line.”

CNN’s Alex Marquardt reported from Stockholm, Jennifer Hansler reported from Washington, Niamh Kennedy from London and Anna Chernova from Moscow. CNN’s Veronica Stracqualursi, Michael Conte, Kevin Liptak and Nicole Gaouette contributed from Washington.

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Путин и Памфилова обсудили тему иноагентов | В России | Политика


Michael_Novakhov
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b’

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